Designing for circularity is more than just closing the loop.
Manufacturing products, fabricating components or processing materials uses energy and creates emissions.
The best way to fulfil the potential of that energy and reduce emissions, is to make products last as long as they can, before end of life separation.
Design can influence longevity through quality, spare parts, remanufacture and to name a few.
What is the lifespan of your product?
How do you support closing the loop?